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Inclusive Language Guide (

This is the second edition of APA’s Inclusive Language Guide. By updating its 2021 edition, the American Psychological Association (APA) continues to work to dismantle the destructive hierarchies that have marginalized people from equitable representation and participation in society. APA remains committed to effecting true change toward achieving equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI). With this guide, we acknowledge the power of language and explain why certain terms are harmful to marginalized communities. We also understand that some of the terms and concepts that are included may be offensive and painful to different groups. 


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